Climate Reality Presentation and Formation of Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change

August 13, 2016 | 6:36 am | By: Climate Reality Project Nepal

Climate Reality Nepal conducted the “Climate Reality Presentation and Formation of Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change” on 10th of August, i.e. on Wednesday. This was done by the initiation of Mr. Phurpa Lama, the country director of Climate Reality Nepal. There was the participation of climate leaders of Nepal, around 15 parliamentarians and press. The program was organized to build the capacity of parliamentarians to enable them to be more effective while addressing the issues of climate change in policy making. The program proved to be very effective in sharing and discussing on the issues of climate change and policy among the parliamentarians, press and climate leaders.

The meeting with the parliamentarians was organized to discuss the climate change in perspective of Nepal and the world, and the policies that are already present and the ones that have to be formulated in order to address the growing impacts of climate change. This initiation also allows the platform to raise voice to the government and get regular updates on the policy happening, and updates made regarding climate change and a platform to voice necessary amendments. It marks the beginning of the new climate change related forum in the parliamentary.

The chief guest was Honorable Sher Bahadur Tamang, who understood the need of inclusion of parliamentarians for the formulation of strong policies relating to the climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Nepal is being affected by climate change and its impact can be seen affecting all the geographical regions, from Terai in the South to the Mountains in the North. The changing climate is resulting in the agricultural losses in our country, affecting the farmers, most of whom are solely dependent on it for livelihood. This is causing changes in the livelihood of the people. Nepal has a very negligible amount of carbon emission in comparison to the other industrialized and developed countries but the impact it faces is really huge. Being a developing country, it is difficult for Nepal to have access to highly sophisticated technologies. It all comes down to helping the communities adapt.

The program was chaired by Mr. Phurpa Lama. The chief guest was Honorable Sher Bahadur Tamang, who understood the need of inclusion of parliamentarians for the formulation of strong policies relating to the climate change mitigation and adaptation. The program was coordinated by Hon. Rajaram Sangtyang. He started the program by stating the changing climate as a very serious issue demanding immediate attention. Some of the other parliamentarians present were Ram Bahadur Rawal, Anjana Sherpa, Sita Luitel Gyawali, Kabita Sherpa, Hari Raj Banshi, Parshu Ram Tamang, Saroj Koirala.

Hon. Sher Bajadur Tamang started the program by mentioning the importance of the formation of the parliamentary forum on climate change. According to him, we have a lot to do in regards of environmental conservation. He gave an example of heart attack, stating that like a person suddenly collapses due to heart attack, the nature might also one day collapse by the intensity of pressure it faces by human activities. The melamchi drinking water project might be impossible because of the drying up of its source. Similarly, our glaciers are retreating at an alarming rate, we have deforestation, what if the planet becomes unlivable? On  the other hand, trying to make Nepal organic might be really beneficial, for the environment, as well as economy.

Climate Leader Jony Mainali also shed light on the importance of the formation of parliamentary forum on climate change. The climate change is both a global and grass-root issue. Therefore, all the nations should be involved. She mentioned the formation of UNFCC to combat  climate change. And even though Nepal has already signed the COP21 agreement, the ratification still remains. Therefore, it is important to gain expertise in the field of climate change before we act on the issue. According to her “The importance of the forum lies in pressurizing the government, and being capable enough to represent the issues Nepal is facing, in the international market”

Country Manager Phurpa Lama then gave the Climate Reality Presentation to improve the parliamentarians’ knowledge on climate change. He talked about the science of climate change, and greenhouse effect. He talked about the causes and its impact all over the world, its effect on glaciers, disaster, glaciers, agriculture, and infrastructure. He stressed the fact that the disasters and infrastructural collapse also effects the economy of our country. And then he went on to mention all the costs of carbon. He mentions “Our emission is very less but the impact we face is very high. We live in between India and China, all of which has a very large emission. Therefore, we deserve compensation, for the impacts we are having due to the emissions we have no role in. There are compensations, and opportunities available in the international forum, but the parliamentarians must be capable and strong enough to take a stand in these conferences, and demand what we need, and then implement them effectively with a sound policy. This is where the importance of the forum lies.”

Mr. Bishwo Nath Oli, from Ministry of Environment then talked about the low carbon emission, programs getting ready and another climate and gender strategy program that is waiting for response. He mentioned that the amount of researches being done on the field of climate change in very low, and we need more researches to gather more data and evidences relating to climate change.

During the discussion, Climate Leader and Program Officer Anuska Joshi questioned the research and ratification delay and mentioned that the forum is important because “Nepal being geographically diverse, the issues in one place does not match another. The parliamentarians are the representative of their respective places, and therefore can play a significant role in understanding their landscape and formulating effective adaptation strategies accordingly.”Climate Leader Mr. Prakash Kafle, stressed on the impacts climate change was causing to the tourism sector too, and how disastrous it would be if no proper policies are there to address these issues. “Nepal’s economy is very much linked with the tourism sector, therefore the climate change effects can prove to be very disastrous.”Climate Leader Swarnima KC commended on the buffer zone but questioned the efficiency of EIA and GIS policies in Nepal.

The program ended with the words from all the parliamentarians shedding light on the effects of the climate change and the importance of the forum. Everyone voted for the formation, and then now we have “Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change”

OBJECTIVES

  1. Capacity building of parliamentarians on climate change and to strengthen their role on addressing climate issues.
  2. ensuring a better decision making to address mitigation and adaptation processes on climate change
  3. platform for raising questions and communication between public, private, experts, and policy makers
  4. Enabling climate change to come up as a mainstream issue in the parliament, bringing focus to works on climate policies for sustainable development
  5. to help facilitate about the policies and legislation relating to climate change mitigation and adaptation processes in Nepal

METHODOLOGY

  1. Various meeting were conducted by Mr. Phurpa Lama, Hon. Sher Bahadur Tamang, Jony Mainali and Anuska Joshi for preparation.
  2. The Program was coordinated by Mr. Rajaram Syantang.
  3. The program started by the introduction from all the parliamentarians, climate leaders and press.
  4. Then Mr. Phurpa Lama gave his presentation on climate change
  5. Discussion followed the Presentation.
  6. Words by all the parliamentarians on the importance.
  7. Final voting, member allocation and formation

OUTCOME

  1. Formation of Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change
  2. Better understanding of climate change science, impacts and solutions
  3. Better understanding of policy already present and in need of formulation.

CONCLUSION

In this way, the Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change was formulated.