Paris agreement (COP21) known to be historical achievement by all parties after two weeks of immense effort and excellent leadership of France government. Where 196 countries agreed to keep the global warming below 2 degree Celsius, with the aspirational goal of 1.5 degree Celcius in the second half of the century.
The Paris agreement also known to be the second legally-binding instrument under UNFCCC,which obliges developed countries to take the lead in reducing carbon pollution from the atmosphere and providing financial support to developing countries. The first one was Kyoto Protocol, treaty that was negotiated in the year 1997 at the city of Kyoto, Japan under which industrialized countries committed to reduce greenhouse gases emissions by 5.2 % compared to the year 1990 to prevent disruptive climate change.
The most challenging part for the developing and least developed countries like Nepal is the commitment made by developed countries with the financial support of 100 billion U.S. dollars back in 2009 in Copenhagen during COP 15 was never implemented.
Due to the increased global temperature, Nepal as a Himalayan country is getting more vulnerable to climatic calamities such as floods, drought, glaciers outburst, hailstorm threating clean water supply and food security. And clear warnings of climate catastrophe went ignored for decades by industrialized countries though Nepal contributes 0.027 percent of GHGs emissions out of total global emissions, which means the real action to be taken immediately by both developed and developing countries to make countries commitments as improved to become more purposeful in the year ahead in order to reflect fundamental principal of the convention such as emission reduction, adaptation, capacity building, finance and transparency and other from and all other form of agreement.
In order to enhance the implementation of Paris agreement and with the principal of convention industrialized and developed countries must go beyond agreement with immediate action from now with their commitments on massive reduction of carbon emissions, transitioning clean energy system, help build adaptive capacity, promotion of alternative energy and take concrete action on mitigation and adaptation, technology development and transfer, capacity building.
Hope Paris agreement a common goal for global community will be implemented by every parties to help save protect our people, planet, resources and functioning of ecosystems.